3 Definitions of Eco-terrorism

by Will Potter on April 7, 2009

in Terrorism Scare Mongering

Eco-terrorist SUV

Eco-terrorist SUV

After my recent post about the EPA’s list of environmental criminals not being labeled “eco-terrorists,” my nerdiness got the better of me and I couldn’t help thinking about grammar. The meaning of that term, “eco-terrorism,” isn’t intuitive or even logical. Depending on who is trying to use fear of “terrorism” to push a political agenda, the word has been grammatically twisted to have at least 3 definitions:

  • Using the environment to terrorize. Charles Krauthammer, a conservative columnist at The Washington Post, used the term to describe Saddam Hussein: “Saddam was unquestionably the greatest eco-terrorist in history. During the Gulf War, he produced the worst deliberate oil spill ever. He followed that with the worst oil-well fires ever. Then came perhaps the most astonishing ecological crime in history: deliberately draining the marshes of Southern Iraq…”
  • Terrorizing the environment. That’s how the term has been used by both wildlife officials in Canada and the Earth Liberation Front Press Office, to name a few.
  • Terrorizing in defense of the environment. The FBI defines “eco-terrorism” as “the use or threatened use of violence of a criminal nature against innocent victims or property by an environmentally-oriented, subnational group for environmental-political reasons, or aimed at an audience beyond the target, often of a symbolic nature.”

The third use has become the accepted grammatical usage, thanks to sustained media campaigns by the FBI, corporations, corporate politicians and anti-environmentalists like Ron Arnold, who claims to have invented the term.

Yet, of those three definitions of “eco-terrorism,” the third is only one that hasn’t involved a single loss of human life.

Which definition do you think is the most appropriate?

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